Guide to Referencing

At Fallen Rook Publishing, we want to ensure that our publications are of a high quality in terms of scholarly integrity. This does not need to be an arduous process; it just means that you need to cite your sources and keep records of where you have found your information.

Anyone can say “oh, I heard that in this century, this idea was very popular”, but that does not give the reader any assurance that the statement is actually correct, nor does it give readers any way to follow up and find out more about the idea on their own. By citing your source and providing a comprehensive reference for the assertion, readers can assess the validity of the source and make an informed decision about how much faith to place in the idea, and can also follow the reference to the source and read more about it themselves.

Therefore, we believe it to be very important that you show your sources whenever you make assertions or refer to some kind of evidence, and that you format your references as completely as possible, according to whatever style of reference you prefer.

The most important rule is that you make it clear what source you used to find your information. If your referencing is not clear, not consistent, or generally messy, then this goal will be compromised. However, if you are clear and consistent with your references, then regardless of precisely how you write them, you will achieve your goal.

Footnotes, endnotes, and inline citations

It is the preference of this publishing company that you use footnotes rather than endnotes or inline citations. However, if you would rather use inline citations for your project, please feel free to do so, as long as they are inserted in a sensible fashion without making the prose more difficult to read.

You may choose your style of reference (APA, Harvard, Chicago, etc.) as you prefer. However, regardless of which reference style you choose, you must apply it consistently throughout your manuscript.

When writing your manuscript, please do NOT use “Ibid.” in your footnotes; please treat every single footnote as if it is the first occurrence of that source in your footnotes, even if it is the second, third or twentieth occurrence. The references can then be shortened during a later editing pass, and “Ibid.” can be inserted that point in time.

The reason for this requirement is that during the first few editing passes, the editor may well request that you add more citations to support your arguments. If your manuscript contains “Ibid.” for sequential citations, but then you need to insert a new footnote pointing to a difference source immediately before one of these, then this can cause issues and requires that you validate that every single instance of “Ibid.” is still correct after every single editing pass. By writing out every reference in full in your manuscript draft, performing all the necessary edits on the texts, and then tidying up the footnotes as a final task, there will be the greatest likelihood that all the references will be correct at the end of the process.

When footmarks are required next to punctuation, footnotes should always follow punctuation marks and should not precede them:

This is correct.1 This is fine,2 as is this;3 hopefully this is clear.4

This is incorrect5. This is also wrong6, as is this7!

The exception is for information in parentheses (like this8), which is correct. Placing the footnote outside the parentheses would be wrong (for example)9 as it is not clear whether the footnote refers to the information in parentheses or to the entirety of the clause that includes the statement in parentheses.

Formatting your references

Having to provide fully formatted references in your footnotes can be daunting at first, but it becomes easier with practice. If you already know how to do this, then please use the method that you think is best suited to your project.

If you are not sure how to do this, then the following guidelines and examples may be helpful. These are not an exhaustive list, nor are they set in stone; as long as you set out all the necessary information, so that readers can follow your citation and find the source themselves with relative ease, then the format is relatively unimportant. What is important is that whatever method you choose for formatting your references, you use it consistently throughout the entire document, without any careless deviations.

Reference examples

Book with a single author

Forename Surname. Italicised Full Title of Book. [Volume N.] [Nth edition.] Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Year of Publication. Page N.

Keith Farrell. Scottish Broadsword and British Singlestick. Glasgow: Fallen Rook Publishing, 2014. Page 44.

Historical manuscript

Museum, City, Country. Shelf number and accession code. [Known as Italicised title.] [Author of whole manuscript if known,] [year created if known.] Folio N.

Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Italy. Codex 44.A.8. Known as Codex Danzig. Anonymous, 1542. Folio 6r.

Lunds Universitets Bibliotek, Lund, Sweden. MS A.4º.2. Joachim Meyer, c.1560s. Folio 2v.

Book with two authors

Forename1 Surname1 and Forename2 Surname2. Italicised Full Title of Book. [Volume N.] [Nth edition.] Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Year of Publication. Page N.

Keith Farrell and Alex Bourdas. AHA German Longsword Study Guide. Glasgow: Fallen Rook Publishing, 2013. Page 44.

Article from an edited/compilation volume

Forename Surname. “Full Title of Article.” In: Forename Surname (ed.). Italicised Full Title of Book. [Volume N.] [Nth edition.] Place of Publication: Publishing Company, Year of Publication. Page N.

Ben Kerr. “Fustibola: The Mighty Staff Sling.” In: Keith Farrell (ed.). Encased in Steel Anthology I. Glasgow: Fallen Rook Publishing, 2015. Page 183.

Article from an edited journal

Forename Surname. “Full Title of Article.” Italicised Full Title of Journal, [vol. N], [no. N], [Month] Year of Publication: Page Range. Page N.

Bartłomiej Walczak. “Bringing Lost Teachings Back to Life – A Proposed Method for Interpretation of Medieval and Renaissance Fencing Manuals.” IDO MOVEMENT FOR CULTURE, Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, vol. 11, no. 2, 2011: 38-46. Page 41.

Article from blog or website

Forename Surname. “Full Title of Article.” Italicised Name of Website, [Date Created], accessed [Date of Access].

Keith Farrell. “Safe training swords part 2: measuring flexibility.”, 13th March 2017, accessed 23rd April 2017.

Online video

Forename Surname. “Full Title of Video.” Video clip [any context] hosted on Host Website, [Date Uploaded], accessed [Date of Access].

Keith Farrell. “The concept of “style” in HEMA.” Video clip of a presentation at the Dreynevent 2013, hosted on Youtube, 20th February 2013, accessed 13th December 2014.

Unpublished thesis or dissertation

Forename Surname. “Title of Thesis.” Type of Thesis, University, Date of Submission. Page N.

Ben Kerr. “A Comparison of the Training and Application of Techniques Between War and the Formal Duel in Scotland from 1690 to 1740.” MLitt Thesis, University of Glasgow, September 2010. Page 32.